The search for a renewable energy source that can fuel all our transportation needs have been going on for decades, fuelled by the inevitable fact they we will eventually run out of them. Experts and scientists have agreed that the world’s oil reserves completely empty by 2050 at the current rate of consumption. One possible solution would be to use biofuel – fuel that can be planted, is renewable and is technically more carbon neutral. A multitude of different oils have been tested and failed, but in recent years, the attention has been turned to the jojoba oil.
This simple oil could potentially serve as fuel for the next generation. Recent research has already shown that jojoba oil can prove to be a viable substitute to fossil fuel and can even power up large vehicles like busses and trains. It burns more cleanly, doesn’t pollute the environment as and is more efficient compared to conventional fossil fuels. It releases more energy than fossil fuels when burned, so you get more miles per gallon with jojoba oil, meaning less oil and more distance travelled. Jojoba oil is also a very stable compound, making it a suitable candidate for use in engines as it can withstand the high temperatures from the engine without denaturing.
Using jojoba oil as a fuel is also a great step towards a more eco-friendly society. It has a lower carbon ratio compared to fossil fuels, which means pollutants from the products of combustion like carbon will be emitted in smaller amounts. It also has zero sulphur content, whereas most fossil fuels today inherently contain some degree of sulphur in it. This means that the emission of corrosive gases like sulphur dioxide can be reduced which subsequently reduces the occurrence of acid rain. Engines can also last longer and run more effectively if jojoba oil were used to power them as they will be free of corrosive sulphur oxides which damages the engine cylinders.
The jojoba plant can easily grow in harsh conditions and in hot climates like in desert lands and doesn’t require much effort or attention to cultivate. A small fraction of farmers from countries like Africa and Egypt has already started to plant jojoba plants for the sole purpose of using it as a biofuel. The plant has a long life and can rapidly and continuously produce nuts which contain the jojoba oil throughout their lifetime, making the production of jojoba oil extremely efficient as it is not a “one-off” thing.
Although jojoba oil seems to be the perfect substitute for fossil fuels, making this a reality would be a huge task to undertake. Today, jojoba oil is mostly planted and used in only cosmetic or health industries. Cultivating jojoba oil in large quantities would require large funding as well a huge area allocated to planting them. Getting the land for cultivating jojoba oil wouldn’t generally be a problem as it can be easily planted in the desert lands in large countries like Africa or Arab, but the government would need to fund such a large endeavour. Hopefully in the years to come we will see jojoba oil being used more and more frequently as an alternative fuel.